By Gary King
This publication presents an answer to the ecological inference challenge, which has plagued clients of statistical tools for over seventy-five years: How can researchers reliably infer individual-level habit from mixture (ecological) information? In political technology, this question arises while individual-level surveys are unavailable (for example, neighborhood or comparative electoral politics), unreliable (racial politics), inadequate (political geography), or infeasible (political history). This ecological inference challenge additionally confronts researchers in several components of significant value in public coverage, and different educational disciplines, starting from epidemiology and advertising and marketing to sociology and quantitative background. even if many have tried to make such cross-level inferences, students agree that each one present equipment yield very erroneous conclusions in regards to the global. during this quantity, Gary King lays out a unique--and reliable--solution to this venerable problem.
King starts with a qualitative review, readable even by way of these with out a statistical history. He then unifies the it sounds as if varied findings within the methodological literature, in order that just one aggregation challenge continues to be solved. He then offers his answer, in addition to empirical reviews of the answer that come with over 16,000 comparisons of his estimates from actual combination info to the recognized individual-level resolution. the strategy works in practice.
King's option to the ecological inference challenge will allow empirical researchers to enquire sizeable questions that experience heretofore proved unanswerable, and circulate ahead fields of inquiry within which growth has been stifled via this problem.
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Additional info for A Solution to the Ecological Inference Problem: Reconstructing Individual Behavior from Aggregate Data
A Solution to the Ecological Inference Problem: Reconstructing Individual Behavior from Aggregate Data by Gary King